[1]刘红文,万宇宾,刘春秀,等.基于独立变桨的大型风电机组减载控制技术[J].控制与信息技术(原大功率变流技术),2013,(03):58-61.[doi:10.13889/j.issn.2095-3631.2013.03.014]
 LIU Hong-wen,WAN Yu-bin,LIU Chun-xiu,et al.Load Reduction Control Technology of Large-scale Wind Turbine Based on Individual Pitch Control[J].High Power Converter Technology,2013,(03):58-61.[doi:10.13889/j.issn.2095-3631.2013.03.014]
点击复制

基于独立变桨的大型风电机组减载控制技术()
分享到:

《控制与信息技术》(原《大功率变流技术》)[ISSN:2095-3631/CN:43-1486/U]

卷:
期数:
2013年03期
页码:
58-61
栏目:
“风力发电”专刊
出版日期:
2013-06-05

文章信息/Info

Title:
Load Reduction Control Technology of Large-scale Wind Turbine Based on Individual Pitch Control
文章编号:
2095-3631(2013)03-0058-04
作者:
刘红文万宇宾刘春秀杜佳佳王靛蒋韬
南车株洲电力机车研究所有限公司
Author(s):
LIU Hong-wen WAN Yu-bin LIU Chun-xiu DU Jia-jia WANG Dian JIANG Tao
(CSR Zhuzhou Institute Co.,Ltd., Zhuzhou, Hunan 412001,China)
关键词:
风电机组独立变桨减载控制
Keywords:
wind turbine individual pitch control load reduction control
分类号:
TM315,TM301.2
DOI:
10.13889/j.issn.2095-3631.2013.03.014
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
为了减小大型风电机组在运行过程中由于风剪切、塔影效应、湍流、偏航误差等因素引起的不均衡载荷,提出基于独立变桨的减载控制技术。通过传感器检测每个叶片的叶根载荷,利用Coleman 坐标变换理论将叶根载荷变换为俯仰弯矩、偏航弯矩,经过两个PI 控制器和Coleman 反变换后,得到每个叶片桨距角的微调量,用以补偿风的不均匀引起的附加载荷。以5 MW 风电机组为例,分别对集中变桨和独立变桨的控制技术进行对比仿真,结果表明,与集中变桨相比,独立变桨通过动态地调整每个叶片的桨距角,能明显减小由风切变、塔影效
Abstract:
In order to reduce the imbalance load of large wind turbine during operation due to factors such as wind shear, tower shadow, turbulence and yaw error, a load reduction control technology based on individual pitch control is proposed. Blade root loads measured by the sensor are converted into tilt moments and yaw moments by using theory of Coleman coordinate transformation. Tilt moments and yaw moments are controlled by using PI controllers. To compensate for the additional load caused by uneven wind, outputs of PI controllers are converted into fine-tuning pitch angle of blade by using Coleman inverse transformation. Collective pitch control technology and independent pitch control technology are compared for 5 MW wind turbine in this paper, the results show that: compared with collective pitch control technology, independent pitch control can reduce the imbalance load of wind turbine caused by wind shear, tower shadow effect and random turbulence through dynamic adjusting the pitch angle of each blade. Moreover, independent pitch control reduces loads of blade bearings, yaw bearings, main shaft, towers and other key parts of the wind turbine.

参考文献/References:

[1] Tony Burton.风能技术[M]. 武鑫,译. 北京:科学出版社,2007.
[2] Bossanyi E A. The Design of Closed Loop Controllers for Wind Turbines[J]. Wind energy, 2000,3(3):149-163.
 [3] Bossanyi E A. Individual Blade Pitch Control for Load Reduction [J]. Wind energy, 2003, 6(2):119-128.
[4] Bossanyi E A. Further load reductions with individual pitch control [J]. Wind energy, 2005, 8(4):481-485.
[5] Jonkman J, Butterfield S, Musial W, et al. Definition of a 5-MW Reference Wind Turbine for Offshore System Development[R]. National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 2009.

相似文献/References:

[1]张元林,赵燕峰,郭 锐,等.风电机组短路故障与安全保护对策[J].控制与信息技术(原大功率变流技术),2016,(01):43.[doi:10.13889/j.issn.2095-3631.2016.01.010]
 ZHANG Yuanlin,ZHAO Yanfeng,GUO Rui,et al.Short-circuit Faults in Wind Turbine and Its Protective Measures[J].High Power Converter Technology,2016,(03):43.[doi:10.13889/j.issn.2095-3631.2016.01.010]
[2]杨佳元,欧阳华,盛科,等.WT计算湍流强度用于风电场安全性评估的研究[J].控制与信息技术(原大功率变流技术),2013,(05):14.[doi:10.13889/j.issn.2095-3631.2013.05.006]
 YANG Jia-yuan,OUYANG Hua,SHENG Ke,et al.Study on Turbulence Intensity Calculated by WT for Safety Assessment of Wind Farms[J].High Power Converter Technology,2013,(03):14.[doi:10.13889/j.issn.2095-3631.2013.05.006]
[3]张新宁.风电整机研发技术现状与发展趋势[J].控制与信息技术(原大功率变流技术),2013,(03):1.[doi:10.13889/j.issn.2095-3631.2013.03.004]
 ZHANG Xin-ning.Technology Status and Development Trend of Wind Turbine Generation System[J].High Power Converter Technology,2013,(03):1.[doi:10.13889/j.issn.2095-3631.2013.03.004]
[4]冯江华.风电变流器的技术现状与发展[J].控制与信息技术(原大功率变流技术),2013,(03):5.[doi:10.13889/j.issn.2095-3631.2013.03.005]
 FENG Jiang-hua.Technology Status and Development of Wind Power Converters[J].High Power Converter Technology,2013,(03):5.[doi:10.13889/j.issn.2095-3631.2013.03.005]
[5]杜佳佳,万宇宾,刘红文,等.兆瓦级风电机组控制器设计平台的开发及应用[J].控制与信息技术(原大功率变流技术),2013,(03):12.[doi:10.13889/j.issn.2095-3631.2013.03.006]
 DU Jia-jia,WAN Yu-bin,LIU Hong-wen,et al.Design and Application of a Design Platform for Multiple Megawatt Wind Turbines Controller[J].High Power Converter Technology,2013,(03):12.[doi:10.13889/j.issn.2095-3631.2013.03.006]
[6]王靛,巫发明,王磊,等.低风速风电机组多学科优化设计[J].控制与信息技术(原大功率变流技术),2013,(03):16.[doi:10.13889/j.issn.2095-3631.2013.03.007]
 WANG Dian,WU Fa-ming,WANG Lei,et al.Multidisciplinary Design Optimization of Low Wind Speed Wind Turbine[J].High Power Converter Technology,2013,(03):16.[doi:10.13889/j.issn.2095-3631.2013.03.007]
[7]胡凯凯,翟大勇,夏相春,等.风电场有功功率分配策略及其实现[J].控制与信息技术(原大功率变流技术),2013,(03):32.[doi:10.13889/j.issn.2095-3631.2013.03.010]
 HU Kai-kai,ZHAI Da-yong,XIA Xiang-chun,et al.Distribution Strategy of Wind Farm Active Power and Its Implementation[J].High Power Converter Technology,2013,(03):32.[doi:10.13889/j.issn.2095-3631.2013.03.010]
[8]罗文广,张志学,盛建科,等.全功率变流器风电机组低电压穿越控制策略研究[J].控制与信息技术(原大功率变流技术),2013,(03):48.[doi:10.13889/j.issn.2095-3631.2013.03.012]
 LUO Wen-guang,ZHANG Zhi-xue,SHENG Jian-ke,et al.Research on the Control Strategy for Low Voltage Ride-through of Full Power Converter for Wind Turbine[J].High Power Converter Technology,2013,(03):48.[doi:10.13889/j.issn.2095-3631.2013.03.012]
[9]卢圣文,阮向艳,郭凯平,等.在线状态监测系统与故障诊断在风电机组中的应用[J].控制与信息技术(原大功率变流技术),2013,(03):66.[doi:10.13889/j.issn.2095-3631.2013.03.016]
 LU Sheng-wen,RUAN Xiang-yan,GUO Kai-ping,et al.Applications of Online Condition Monitoring System and Fault Diagnosis to Wind Turbines[J].High Power Converter Technology,2013,(03):66.[doi:10.13889/j.issn.2095-3631.2013.03.016]
[10]欧阳华,巫发明,王靛,等.湍流强度对兆瓦级风电机组的影响[J].控制与信息技术(原大功率变流技术),2013,(03):82.[doi:10.13889/j.issn.2095-3631.2013.03.019]
 OUYANG Hua,WU Fa-ming,WANG Dian,et al.Effect of Turbulence Intensity on Megawatt Wind Turbines[J].High Power Converter Technology,2013,(03):82.[doi:10.13889/j.issn.2095-3631.2013.03.019]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2013- 03- 15
作者简介:刘红文(1982 - ),男,硕士,工程师,从事风力发电机组系统设计、整机控制策略研究与开发工作。
更新日期/Last Update: 2016-08-25